Christmas Island Population: 2,205

1 VISITOR FROM HERE!


« Previous Country   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits. Following the Second World War, Christmas Island came under the jurisdiction of the new British Colony of Singapore. The island existed as a separate Crown colony from 1 January 1958 to 1 October 1958 when its transfer to Australian jurisdiction was finalized. That date is still celebrated on the first Monday in October as Territory Day. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

 Geography
Located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S, 105 40 E
Area: total: 135 sq km
land: 135 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 138.9 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: phosphate, beaches
Land use: agricultural land: 0% arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
other: 100% (mainly tropical reainforest; 63% of the island is a national park) (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Current Environment Issues: loss of rainforest; impact of phosphate mining
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality: noun: Christmas Islander(s)
adjective: Christmas Island
Ethnic groups: Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10% note: no indigenous population (2001)
Languages: English (official), Chinese, Malay
Religions: Buddhist 16.9%, Christian 16.4%, Muslim 14.8%, other 1.3%, none 9.2%, unspecified 41.5% (2011 est.)
Population: 2,205 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 12.79% (male 147/female 135)
15-24 years: 12.2% (male 202/female 67)
25-54 years: 57.91% (male 955/female 322)
55-64 years: 11.66% (male 172/female 85)
65 years and over: 5.44% (male 84/female 36) (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.11% (2014 est.)
Sex ratio: NA
Infant mortality rate: total: NA male: NA
female: NA
Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA male: NA
female: NA
Total fertility rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island
conventional short form: Christmas Island
etymology: named by English Captain William MYNORS for the day of its discovery, Christmas Day (25 December 1643)
Government type: non-self-governing overseas territory of Australia
Capital: name: The Settlement
geographic coordinates: 10 25 S, 105 43 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)
Independence: none (territory of Australia)
National holiday: Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
Constitution: 1 October 1958 (Christmas Island Act 1958); amended many times, last in 2010 (Territories Law Reform Act 2010) (2016)
Legal system: legal system is under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
Suffrage: 18 years of age
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of the Commonwealth of Australia General Sir Peter COSGROVE (since28 March 2014)

head of government: Administrator Jon STANHOPE (since 5 October 2012) elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the Australian prime minister; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia for a 2-year term and represents the monarch and Australia
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms with a portion of the membership renewed every 2 years)

elections: held every 2 years with half the members standing for election; last held In 2011 (next to be held in 2013)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 9
Judicial branch: highest court(s): under the terms of the Territorial Law Reform Act 1992, Western Australia provides court services as needed for the island including the Supreme Court and subordinate courts (District Court, Magistrate Court, Family Court, Children's Court, and Coroners' Court)
Political parties and leaders: none
Political pressure groups and leaders: none
International organization participation: none
National symbol(s): golden bosun bird
National anthem:

note: as a territory of Australia, "Advance Australia Fair" remains official as the national anthem, while "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of Australia)
^Back to Top
 Economy
The main economic activities on Christmas Island are the mining of low grade phosphate, limited tourism, the provision of government services and more recently the construction and operation of the Immigration Detention Center. The government sector includes administration, health, education, policing, customs, quarantine, and defense. The main economic activities on Christmas Island are the mining of low grade phosphate, limited tourism, the provision of government services and more recently the construction and operation of the Immigration Detention Center. The government sector includes administration, health, education, policing, customs, quarantine, and defense.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $NA GDP (purchasing power parity): $NA
Agriculture - products: NA NA
Industries: tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion) tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Labor force: NA NA
Budget: revenues: $NA
expenditures: $NA revenues: $NA expenditures: $NA
Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June 1 July - 30 June
Exports: $NA $NA
Exports - commodities: phosphate phosphate
Imports: $NA $NA
Imports - commodities: consumer goods consumer goods
Exchange rates: Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar - 1.352 (2016 est.) 1.3291 (2015 est.) 1.3291 (2014 est.) 0.9695 (2013 est.) 0.9695 (2012 est.) Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar - 1.352 (2016 est.) 1.3291 (2015 est.) 1.3291 (2014 est.) 0.9695 (2013 est.) 0.9695 (2012 est.)
^Back to Top
 Energy
^Back to Top
 Communications
Telephone system: general assessment: service provided by the Australian network

domestic: GSM mobile-cellular telephone service replaced older analog system in February 2005

international: country code - 61-8; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat provides telephone and telex service) (2005)
Broadcast media: 1 community radio station; satellite broadcasts of several Australian radio and TV stations (2009)
Internet country code: .cx
Internet users: total: 790 percent of population: 35.8% (July 2015 est.)
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
Railways: total 18 km
standard gauge: 18 km 1.435-m (not in operation) (2010)
Roadways: total 140 km
paved: 30 km
unpaved: 110 km (2011)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Flying Fish Cove
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of Australia
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
^Back to Top


« Previous Country   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter