Singapore Population: 5,995,991

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 History
A Malay trading port known as Temasek existed on the island of Singapore by the 14th century. The settlement changed hands several times in the ensuing centuries and was eventually burned in the 17th century and fell into obscurity. The British founded modern Singapore as a trading colony on the site in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but was ousted two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

 Geography
    Focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes; consists of about 60 islands, by far the largest of which is Pulau Ujong; land reclamation has removed many former islands and created a number of new ones
Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N, 103 48 E
Area: total: 719.2 sq km
land: 709.2 sq km
water: 10 sq km

Size comparison: slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 193 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - northeastern monsoon (December to March) and southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Terrain: lowlying, gently undulating central plateau
Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
Land use: agricultural land: 1% (2011 est.) arable land: 0.9% (2011 est.)
permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.) permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.) forest: 3.3% (2011 est.)
other: 95.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards: flash floods
Current Environment Issues: water pollution; industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; air pollution; deforestation; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s)
adjective: Singapore
Ethnic groups: Chinese 74.3%, Malay 13.4%, Indian 9%, other 3.2% (2018 est.) note: individuals self-identify; the population is divided into four categories: Chinese, Malay (includes indigenous Malays and Indonesians), Indian (includes Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, or Sri Lankan), and other ethnic groups (includes Eurasians, Caucasians, Japanese, Filipino, Vietnamese)
Languages: English (official) 36.9%, Mandarin (official) 34.9%, other Chinese dialects (includes Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka) 12.2%, Malay (official) 10.7%, Tamil (official) 3.3%, other 2% (2015 est.) note: data represent language most frequently spoken at home
Religions: Buddhist 33.2%, Christian 18.8%, Muslim 14%, Taoist 10%, Hindu 5%, other 0.6%, none 18.5% (2015 est.)
Population: 5,995,991 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 12.77% (male 391,714 /female 373,766)
15-24 years: 16.05% (male 473,012 /female 489,553)
25-54 years: 50.61% (male 1,476,528 /female 1,558,179)
55-64 years: 10.53% (male 316,001 /female 315,648)
65 years and over: 10.03% (male 274,863 /female 326,727) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 37.3 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 16 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 34.9 years
male: 34.8 years
female: 3